List of Starfleet Equipment
Alpha-wave inducer: Device, worn on the forehead, which induces variable levels of unconsciousness, from sleep to complete anesthesia. The effect wears off approximately 15 minutes after the device is deactivated. Alpha-wave induction is a good alternative to drug-induced general anesthesia in surgical patients who cannot tolerate other anesthetics.
Autosuture: Instrument used to close open wounds. (20th-century equivalent: Absorbable sutures or surgical staples.)
Biobed: Orthopedically designed hospital bed, standard in Sickbay; the biobed integrates gas and fluid connection ports and high-level monitoring systems, providing the full range of diagnostic and monitoring functions. Data collected from the biobed can be routed to tricorders, wall monitors, or the medical database to aid in diagnosis and treatment. The biobed is also designed to interface with other medical equipment, such as an SSF. (20th-century equivalent: ICU bed with telemetry monitor.)
Bi-spectral monitor: Device used to assess a patient’s level of consciousness. Commonly used when administering anesthetic agents during surgery, or in the management of patients with altered central nervous system (CNS) function.
Cardiostimulator: Medical instrument used in basic life-support, used to resuscitate a patient suffering from a cardiac arrest. The cardiostimulator includes cardioversion and pacing functions, is found in every basic medical kit, and can be used by a person with little or no medical training. (20th-century equivalent: Automated external defibrillator.)
Cortical stimulator: Device used to stimulate CNS function in unconscious or comatose patients.
Dermal regenerator: Hand-held device which promotes the rapid growth of skin. The device will promote a chemical balance that supports the growth of normal skin tissue over scar tissue. Wounds of up to moderate severity can be healed through a dermal regenerator, but use of the device must take into account foreign material in the wound site, depth of the wound, type of tissue, and several other factors. Except for minor wounds, dermal regeneration often serves only as a stopgap measure; the most critical wounds usually require hospitalization.
Detronal scanner: Medical instrument that reads DNA patterns from a tissue sample.
Electrophoretic dialysis unit: A blood filtration device that can remove, with great specificity, harmful chemicals and foreign substances from a patient’s bloodstream. The device can also be used to remove nanoprobes from a previously Borg-enhanced patient. (20th-century equivalent: Dialysis machine.)
Emergency Medical Hologram (EMH): The EMH is a computerized, holographically manifested “doctor,” programmed with a full range of clinical expertise (over 2,000 medical references and the clinical experience of 47 leading physicians are incorporated into the EMH matrix) as well as adaptive learning processes, that can assist shipboard medical staff with nearly any medical problem. For more information on the EMH, see the section “Emergency Medical Hologram” in the Appendix.
Fiber-optic laryngoscope: Device consisting of a flexible fiber-optic viewing lens and guidance controls, allowing for easy endotracheal intubation in resuscitation efforts.
Genetronic replicator: An experimental
medical device used to translate genetic codes into a specific set of
replication instructions, from which a replacement organ may be
N.B. Starfleet Medical has enacted a moratorium on the use of this system until its safety and efficacy can be better tested.
Hyperencephalogram: Test for measuring and recording brain-wave activity. (20th-century equivalent: Electroencephalogram, or EEG.)
Hypospray: Medical instrument used to inject medications intravenously, intramuscularly or subcutaneously, by employing a high-pressure, pinpoint aerosuspension stream. This delivery method results in “painless” administration, without the need for a needle. The size and depth of the injection site may be varied; a fine, concentrated stream is used for IV or IM injections, whereas a wide dispersal pattern with low penetration is used for an SC injection. Vials containing different medications are interchangeable and are snapped onto the bottom of the unit; a hypospray and a basic selection of medications can be found in every basic medical kit. (20th-century equivalent: Hypodermic needle/syringe.)
Infusion port: Device for continuous intravenous (IV) delivery of fluids and medications. The infusion port is attached to bare skin and painlessly creates a sterile indwelling catheter through the skin and into a blood vessel, allowing delivery of all types of medication into the systemic circulation. Infusion ports come in multiple sizes, from 30-gauge (extremely small, for pediatrics and species with small vessels) to 10-gauge (extremely large, wide-bore line for trauma resuscitations on large species). Each biobed has two 18-gauge standard lines, with attachment points for up to four. (20th-century equivalent: IV.)
(Plasma) Infusion unit: Medical system that dispenses fluids and medications intravenously. Infusion units are standard within the surgical support frame (SSF). (20th-century equivalent: IV infusion pump.)
Mask ventilator: Device used in basic life-support, consisting of a rebreather mask attached to a positive-pressure oxygen cylinder. A mask ventilator is used to resuscitate a patient suffering from respiratory arrest, and can be found in every basic medical kit.
Medical tricorder: A medical sensor and analysis device, the medical tricorder is a combination of a standard tricorder with an added medical peripheral device (MP), a small hand-held scanner. The MP utilizes a total of 96 high-resolution sensors, giving analysis of a wide range of biological functions, as well as some imaging studies; when coupled with data from shipboard computers, the medical tricorder can also provide a partial list of differential diagnoses. Most medical tricorders are outfitted with a standard MP; specialized MPs exist for certain tasks, such as neurological MPs for neurological examination, cytological MPs for infectious diseases, etc. These can be easily exchanged between units. The medical tricorder allows mobile interaction between a medical officer and the shipboard computing systems (i.e. the Starfleet Medical database), and provides a storage facility for medical data.
Motor assist bands: External neural transducers worn as a harness or a brace on a patient’s limbs; when connected to an interface unit worn on the back of the neck, these allow the transmission of nervous impulses to bypass damaged nerves. Motor assist bands serve the same function as implantable neural transducers, but are designed for short-term use as an aid to rehabilitation for patients with motor deficits.
Nanites: Submicroscopic machines that can be programmed to perform specific tasks in the body at the cellular level, such as removing arterial plaques or performing “surgery” to destroy cancerous cells before they can form a tumor. Nanites are injected into the body via a central vein, and can be controlled by the surgeon using a special frequency emitter.
Neural imaging scan: Test that provides detailed information about a patient’s central nervous system function. (20th-century equivalent: MRI or PET scan.)
Neural stimulator: An instrument used to “jumpstart” neural activity in the central nervous system. Equivalent to cardioversion for the CNS.
Neural transducers: Implantable bioelectric devices that receive nerve impulses from the brain and transmit them to voluntary muscle groups, bypassing damaged nerves. These allow the paralyzed patient some activity.
Neurolink: Medical device
for emergency stabilization of patients with brainstem injuries. Matching
neural pads are placed on the patient and a healthy individual of the same
species, enabling a link to be established from the healthy person's autonomic
nervous system to that of the injured patient.
N.B. Neurolinks can also be established between a healthy patient and a ship’s computer; this is an effective temporary method for allowing an otherwise mute patient to speak, using the computer’s translation and voice-synthesis functions.
Ocular implant: Artificial eye used to replace a damaged or nonfunctional natural eye. The ocular implant consists of three major components - a variable-focus anterior segment, a thin sheet of photoreceptors, and an optic nerve implant - contained within a plastic scleral shell. The anterior segment replaces the natural cornea and lens, and is filled with an optically clear mimetic gel that allows accommodation (change in focus for near and distance vision). The photoreceptor layer can be customized for the patient's needs; a standard unit receives impulses through the visible light spectrum, although infrared and ultraviolet capability is available. Ocular implants offer a range of vision similar to that of a natural eye, offer full range of motion via myoneural connection to the existing extraocular muscles, and are cosmetically identical to the original.
Osteoregenerator: Device used to knit ends of broken bones together by stimulating osteoblast aggregation at the fracture site. Osteoregenerators cannot totally heal bone fractures, but they can greatly speed the healing process.
Protoplaser: Surgical device used to repair tissue damage inside the body. Protoplasers provide instantaneous hemostasis (control of bleeding from damaged vessels) and removal of damaged tissue. Protoplasers come in two forms, for open and laparoscopic surgery. (20th-century equivalent: Electrocautery pen, or argon beam coagulator.)
Pulmonary scanner: Medical device used to monitor pulmonary function, blood chemistry and blood gas content. (20th-century equivalent: Pulse oximeter.)
Scalpels: There are several different types of scalpels, or surgical knives, used in Starfleet Sickbays. Monomolecular scalpels are standard scalpels with blades precision-honed to an edge thickness of only one molecule; this exceptionally sharp edge allows the surgeon to cut through almost any tissue while minimizing tissue damage. Laser scalpels use a laser beam to cut and cauterize (stop bleeding) tissue simultaneously, eliminating the need for further hemostasis measures. Specialized scalpels also exist for certain procedures, such as sonic scalpels and drechtal beams for precision separation of nervous tissues in neurosurgery, force-blade saws for quick and effortless orthopedic surgery, and so forth.
Stasis unit: Emergency medical device that holds the patient in a state of suspended animation until a medical treatment can be implemented.
Surgical support frame (SSF): “Clamshell” frame that fits over a standard biobed; the SSF integrates sterile field generators, medical fluid and gas ports, high-intensity lighting and magnification units, surgical tractors, and anesthesia systems into one modular unit. A typical SSF has a Mark IV sterile field generator, capable of maintaining a level-5 field; dedicated ports for oxygen, suction, and normal saline, with three variable-use ports (two fluid, one gas); flat-panel, full-field lighting systems with up to 25X magnification capability; five sizes of built-in surgical tractors, with docking points for up to 4 additional units; automated bi-spectral monitoring and delivery systems for both volatile (inhaled) and injection anesthetic agents; and connection points for up to 10 additional surgical tools or systems.
Surgical tractors: Devices used to hold the edges of an incision open or move organs out of the operative field during surgery. Tractors of various sizes for most common surgical procedures are integrated into the SSF; specialized tractors, such as large osteotractors for orthopedic surgery or very small tractors for eye and ear surgery, exist as self-contained units.
T-cell stimulator: Device that increases the production of T cells, a type of lymphocyte that enables humanoid bodies to fight infection. T-cell stimulation is useful in cases of immune deficiency.
Transporter biofilter: Sub-system of the transporter system that scans incoming transporter patterns prior to materialization; it detects harmful pathogens and allows for a return of the organism to the transport site, or scattering into space.
VISOR: Acronym for Visual Instrument/Sensory Organ Replacement. The VISOR is a device worn over the eyes that allows a profoundly blind patient to see by direct stimulation of the optic tract, bypassing damaged structures further forward. Typically VISORs are used with patients with various forms of retinopathy, optic neuropathy or cortical blindness. The system works by means of a pair of neural implants that connect to the optic chiasm (the nerve plexus in the brain that coordinates impulses from the optic nerves and sends them to the occipital lobe for visual processing). The VISOR receives input from the visible light spectrum as well as the ultraviolet and infrared regions. (Note that a normally-sighted patient cannot "borrow" a blind patient's VISOR to give himself super vision; the VISOR's output looks like a random display of colors to the normal eye.) VISORs are not often used in modern practice; the current standard of care is to replace the damaged eye(s) with an ocular implant, a bioengineered artificial eye.